37Results for "political-thought"
Presbyterians and Slavery
A truly national denomination from the 18th century to the Civil War, American Presbyterianism encompassed a wide range of viewpoints on slavery. Prominent leaders in the church were slaveholders, moderate antislavery advocates, and abolitionists.
Samuel Stanhope Smith
Samuel Stanhope Smith, Princeton’s seventh president (1795-1812), was an early defender of the unity of mankind—arguing that environment, not innate biological differences, determined one’s race. His convictions, however, did not prevent him from owning slaves himself, and his teachings ultimately influenced Princeton alumni to establish the American Colonization Society.
Slavery in the Witherspoon Family
As Princeton president John Witherspoon’s children married and left New Jersey, their relationships to slavery were shaped by the political climate and economy of their new homes throughout the North and South.
Abel Upshur’s political career began and ended with Princeton: in 1807, he was booted from the college for leading a student rebellion; in 1844, he was killed in an explosion aboard the U.S.S. Princeton. In the years between, Upshur was one the most influential pro-slavery statesmen in the antebellum United States.
Jonathan Edwards Jr.
Jonathan Edwards Jr. (1746-1801), the son of early America’s preeminent theologian and Princeton’s third president, strongly opposed slavery throughout his life and career as a minister—becoming a leading antislavery activist of the 18th century and one of the few abolitionists Princeton ever produced.
"An Address Delivered before the American Whig and Cliosophic Societies"
Address delivered by John M. Scott at the annual commencement in 1836.
"An Essay on the Causes of the Variety of Complexion"
Samuel Stanhope Smith's "Essay on the Cause of the Variety of Complexion and Figure in the Human Species," originally published in 1787.
"On the Relation of Master and Servant"
"On the Relation of Master and Servant," a lecture delivered by President Samuel Stanhope Smith at the College of New Jersey.
"The Early Bootlick Gets the Grade"
Excerpt from an 1860 play mocking an abolitionist, published in the Nassau Rake.
"A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin"
Excerpt from Harriet Beecher Stowe's book A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin, published in one year after the original novel.