43Results for "abolitionism"
Slavery and the 1820 Trustees
As the institution of slavery slowly declined in 18th and 19th-century New Jersey, the Trustees of 1820 reflected the changing face of pro- and antislavery thought in the state—variously owning slaves, supporting gradual emancipation or African colonization, and advocating for immediate abolition.
Princeton and Abolition
Princeton’s faculty and students actively opposed abolition, creating a climate of fear and intimidation around the subject during the 19th century. Although some Princeton affiliates were critical of slavery, the institution demonstrated a catastrophic failure of leadership on the greatest moral question of the age.
Aaron Burr Jr. and John Pierre Burr: A Founding Father and his Abolitionist Son
Aaron Burr Jr. (Class of 1772), the third Vice President of the United States, fathered two children by a woman of color from Calcutta, India. Their son, John Pierre Burr (1792-1864), would become an activist, abolitionist, and conductor on the Underground Railroad.
Presbyterians and Slavery
A truly national denomination from the 18th century to the Civil War, American Presbyterianism encompassed a wide range of viewpoints on slavery. Prominent leaders in the church were slaveholders, moderate antislavery advocates, and abolitionists.
Princeton Theological Seminary and Slavery
Princeton Theological Seminary’s 19th century faculty and students encountered enslaved people as a familiar part of life. Though early leaders of the seminary owned slaves and largely failed to condemn the institution of slavery, some notable alumni—including the first African American man to graduate from a theological seminary in the United States—became prominent antislavery activists.
Essay on Abolitionism
An essay on abolitionism by Charles Hodge (class of 1815), an instructor at the Princeton Theological Seminary.
"Pro-Slavery versus Abolitionism"
A short play featuring two members of the class of 1857.
Portrait of Professor Walter Minto, who endowed a prize for the best dissertation on “the unlawfulness & impolicy of African slavery, & the best means of abolishing it in the United States, & of promoting the happiness of free negroes.”
$1000 Subscription from David Leavitt
Note stating that in October 1835 David Leavitt subscribed $1,000 to Princeton on two conditions: that students be admitted to the college without regard for color, and that that Princeton’s intention to admit students on this basis be published in two New York papers.
Description of the first State Convention of Abolitionists in New Jersey.