25Results for "1855"
"The Celebrated Alexander Dumas Watkins": Princeton's First Black Instructor
Alexander Dumas Watkins (1855-1903), a self-taught biologist, conducted significant scientific research alongside Princeton University professors from the 1880s until his death in 1903. Despite holding no formal academic position, Watkins worked in Princeton’s laboratories and taught courses as the University’s first black instructor—and the last until the 1950s.
A Southern Woman in "Negro Town"
On an 1855 trip to Princeton, Louisianan Ann Maria Davison visited fourteen homes in the town’s black neighborhood. Davison’s observations convinced her that Princeton’s free black residents were intelligent and hard-working people fully capable of supporting themselves and their families—a position that contradicted common arguments in favor of slavery.
William Potter Ross
William Potter Ross—a Princeton alumnus, Cherokee chief, and Confederate officer during the Civil War—advocated for Cherokee sovereignty in part by defending the practice of slavery.
Student Autograph Books and Collegiate Friendships
Antebellum autograph books reveal the intimate, cross-sectional friendships northern and southern Princeton students formed in the years before the Civil War.
“Let the Southerns Come Here”: Letters of a Slaveholding Father and Son
The extensive correspondence between antebellum Princeton student Henry Kirke White Muse and his slave-owning father illustrates the College of New Jersey’s appeal to southern students as well as its conservatism on the issue of slavery.
Autograph Book Entry by Roland Cox
Autograph book entry by Roland Cox (class of 1863) to Ewing Graham McClure ('1862).
"A Visit to the Colored People of Princeton"
Ann Maria Davison, a visitor from New Orleans, provided a detailed picture of Princeton's black community in 1855.
Route of Ann Maria Davison
Ann Maria Davison's route, drawn on John Bevan's 1852 map of Princeton and Mercer County, New Jersey.
"Gansevoort and Black Jim"
A dialogue between former slave James Collins Johnson and Henry Sanford Gansevoort (class of 1855).
Student Exodus of 1861
A list of southern students excused from school due to the outbreak of the Civil War.