33Results for "1790"
James Moore Wayne
James Moore Wayne (1790-1867), a Princeton graduate from Georgia, personally owned slaves and served on the Supreme Court that denied African Americans citizenship in the 1857 Dred Scott v. Sandford case. Yet he remained a strong Unionist during the Civil War, embodying the dissonant relationship between slavery and liberty in the United States.
Indians, Slavery and Princeton
Princeton’s history of Indian education, dating back to the 18th century, illustrates white Americans’ ambivalent views of American Indians.
James Madison, Princeton alumnus and fourth President of the United States, held contradictory views on slavery throughout his life—arguing that slavery was incompatible with Revolutionary principles even as he owned over one hundred slaves on his Virginia plantation, brought enslaved people to the White House, and ultimately sold them for personal profit.
Princeton in the West Indies
Under the leadership of President Witherspoon, the College of New Jersey launched an ill-fated campaign to secure donations from slaveholding planter elites in the West Indies.
Slavery and the 1820 Trustees
As the institution of slavery slowly declined in 18th and 19th-century New Jersey, the Trustees of 1820 reflected the changing face of pro- and antislavery thought in the state—variously owning slaves, supporting gradual emancipation or African colonization, and advocating for immediate abolition.
David Witherspoon Census Record
1790 census record for David Witherspoon showing that he owned 113 slaves, the largest number in his North Carolina county.
Population of Kentucky, 1790-1860
Though the number of slaves increased in Kentucky from 1790-1860, slaves decreased as a percentage of the population from 1830 onwards.
Portrait of John Witherspoon, Princeton's sixth president.
George Spafford Woodhull
Portrait of George Spafford Woodhull (class of 1790), Princeton trustee and slaveholder