16Results for "1895"
Of Princeton's more than 160 endowed professorships and lectureships, four honor men who derived their fortunes from slave labor or contributed to the legacy of slavery in New Jersey and the United States.
Between 1746 and 1865, about 40% of Princeton students arrived from the slaveholding South. As college leaders recruited elite southerners, enrollment tracked the geographical spread of the slave economy.
James Collins Johnson: The Princeton Fugitive Slave
James Collins Johnson, a fugitive slave freed after an 1843 trial in Princeton, became a prominent figure in town and on campus over the course of his many decades working at the College of New Jersey.
William Taylor: Princeton’s Last Independent African American Campus Vendor
William Taylor, a black entrepreneur in Princeton in the first half of the 20th century, was the third and last in a line of independent African American vendors who sold refreshments to students. The nickname students used for Taylor (a racial slur) reflected the casual racism in Princeton was still very much present during the postbellum era, as in the days of the first campus vendor, former fugitive slave James Collins Johnson.
Princetonians in Kentucky
Princeton’s early students from Kentucky reflected their state’s ambivalent attitude toward slavery. Though many Kentuckians opposed the institution and the state never seceded from the Union, slavery did not end in Kentucky until the passage of the 13th Amendment in 1865. Prominent state and national leaders from Kentucky, including Princeton alumni, also supported the Confederacy during the Civil War.
James C. Johnson with newspaper article
James Collins Johnson outside of the Old Chapel, with newspaper article glued to front of photograph.
Frederick P. Ohl
Sketch of Frederick P. Ohl, a Princeton student killed in an altercation with an African American man in 1895.
Map of Nassau Street
Map of Nassau Street in Princeton, including 126 Nassau Street, the saloon outside of which student Frederick Ohl was shot in 1895.
"Death Comes to Student Ohl"
Newspaper article describing Princeton students' plans to "boycott" African American laborers in town after the death of classmate Frederick Ohl in 1895.
Photograph of Garrett Cochran (class of 1897), who survived the shooting that killed a classmate in 1895.