44Results for "1830"
Princeton Academies and Slavery
Local academies in Princeton helped maintain the relationship between the College of New Jersey and the South.
Slavery and the 1820 Trustees
As the institution of slavery slowly declined in 18th and 19th-century New Jersey, the Trustees of 1820 reflected the changing face of pro- and antislavery thought in the state—variously owning slaves, supporting gradual emancipation or African colonization, and advocating for immediate abolition.
The Skeleton in the Basement
In 1853, two Princeton alumni described an event in which anatomy students stole a body from the local black cemetery. Though potentially fictional, their story illustrates how elite white men claimed authority over black bodies beyond the institution of slavery.
Philip Lindsley: Princeton’s Acting President
In 1824, Philip Lindsley—a pioneer of education in the antebellum period—delivered one of the most forceful condemnations of slavery in Princeton’s history. After relocating to the South, however, Lindsley gradually abandoned his antislavery principles, owning slaves himself and defending the institution as beneficial to enslaved people.
James Carnahan, the College of New Jersey’s longest-serving president (1823-1854), was a slave-owner and a director of the American Colonization Society of New Jersey. Records show that Carnahan owned slaves in 1820, just before assuming the presidency, and that free African Americans resided in his household into the 1850s.
1830 Federal Census
This page of the 1830 U.S. Federal Census for West Windsor, New Jersey lists one slave owned by John Potter at Prospect Farm. (Download for full record.)
1830 Census Entry for Charles Ewing
1830 Census entry for trustee Charles Ewing.
1830 Census Entry for Andrew Kirkpatrick
1830 Federal Census entry for trustee Andrew Kirkpatrick, owner of one slave.
1830 Census Entry for George Spafford Woodhull
1830 Federal Census entry for trustee George Spafford Woodhull.
Manumission of John Skillman
Manumission record for John Skillman, about 39 years old, signed by Caleb Johnson.