18Results for "1819"
Strategies for Escape: A Study of Fugitive Slave Ads (1770-1819)
Runaway slaves from the Princeton area used sophisticated knowledge of the late-18th and early-19th century’s changing legal and political landscape when they planned their escapes, forcing slave-owners to acknowledge their resourcefulness and determination to liberate themselves.
Henry Kollock (1778-1819) was a Princeton professor, pastor, and slave owner. He appeared in the first fugitive slave narrative: Life of William Grimes, a Runaway Slave.
Escape from Princeton
In 1819, Princeton Mayor Erkuries Beatty engaged a recent College of New Jersey graduate to recapture his runaway slave, Joe. The incident underscores the terror and uncertainty of enslavement in central Jersey.
Peter Scudder rose from humble beginnings to become a successful businessman and a notable member of the free black community in Princeton.
Princeton and the Colonization Movement
Founded and supported by 19th-century Princeton alumni, the American Colonization Society promoted the repatriation of freed slaves to a colony in Africa. Ultimately, however, colonization was more of an intellectual movement for moderately antislavery whites than a practical option for free blacks.
"Declaration of Independence"
John Trumbull's painting "Declaration of Independence." Princeton president John Witherspoon is pictured in the background facing the large table, the second seated figure from the (viewer's) right.
Runaway Slave Ads by Month (1770-1819)
Graph showing the number of runaway slave ads published in the greater Princeton area between 1770 and 1819, by month.
Runaway Slave Ads by Quinquennial (1770-1819)
Graph showing the number of runaway slave ads published in the greater Princeton area between 1770 and 1819.
Letter from Erkuries Beatty
A letter from Mayor Beatty to James Hunter Ewing (class of 1818), describing the runaway slave Joe.