7Results for "July 19, 1864"
The Potter Family of Prospect and Palmer Houses
Prospect House and Palmer House, both now University properties, have deep links to the Potters—a slaveholding family with strong ties to Georgia as well as to Princeton and the College of New Jersey.
Princetonians in Kentucky
Princeton’s early students from Kentucky reflected their state’s ambivalent attitude toward slavery. Though many Kentuckians opposed the institution and the state never seceded from the Union, slavery did not end in Kentucky until the passage of the 13th Amendment in 1865. Prominent state and national leaders from Kentucky, including Princeton alumni, also supported the Confederacy during the Civil War.
Samuel Stanhope Smith
Samuel Stanhope Smith, Princeton’s seventh president (1795-1812), was an early defender of the unity of mankind—arguing that environment, not innate biological differences, determined one’s race. His convictions, however, did not prevent him from owning slaves himself, and his teachings ultimately influenced Princeton alumni to establish the American Colonization Society.
Moses Taylor Pyne and the Sugar Plantations of the Americas
The financial contributions of Moses Taylor Pyne (class of 1877), one of Princeton's most prominent benefactors, reveal the complex relationship between Princeton, the American sugar trade, and the slave economy.
Princeton and Liberia
Princeton affiliates helped to establish Liberia as an African colony for black American emigrants. Robert Wood Sawyer (class of 1838) served as a missionary among the Kru people, in the territory south of the colony.
Robert Jefferson Breckinridge Memo on Fugitive Slaves (July 1864)
Memorandum by Robert J. Breckinridge (class of 1820, non-graduate) detailing the growing number of slaves fleeing to Union Army lines.