10Results for "1874"
"The Celebrated Alexander Dumas Watkins": Princeton's First Black Instructor
Alexander Dumas Watkins (1855-1903), a self-taught biologist, conducted significant scientific research alongside Princeton University professors from the 1880s until his death in 1903. Despite holding no formal academic position, Watkins worked in Princeton’s laboratories and taught courses as the University’s first black instructor—and the last until the 1950s.
Princeton and the Colonization Movement
Founded and supported by 19th-century Princeton alumni, the American Colonization Society promoted the repatriation of freed slaves to a colony in Africa. Ultimately, however, colonization was more of an intellectual movement for moderately antislavery whites than a practical option for free blacks.
John Maclean Jr. and Princeton’s Commitment to Sectional Harmony
John Maclean Jr., Princeton’s tenth president (1854-1868), was a non-slaveholder and held moderate antislavery views. His commitment to attracting southern students to the college and reducing sectional tension on campus, however, contributed to Princeton’s conservatism in the years leading up to the Civil War.
Princeton and Abolition
Princeton’s faculty and students actively opposed abolition, creating a climate of fear and intimidation around the subject during the 19th century. Although some Princeton affiliates were critical of slavery, the institution demonstrated a catastrophic failure of leadership on the greatest moral question of the age.
Moses Taylor Pyne and the Sugar Plantations of the Americas
The financial contributions of Moses Taylor Pyne (class of 1877), one of Princeton's most prominent benefactors, reveal the complex relationship between Princeton, the American sugar trade, and the slave economy.
"Dumas Watkins" Prison Admission Record
Prison admission record for "Dumas Watkins," sentenced to 2 years and 6 months at New York's Sing Sing Prison in 1874.
American Colonization Society Fundraising Notice
A fundraising notice placed by John Maclean Jr. in support of the New Jersey branch of the American Colonization Society.
James C. Johnson and Unidentified Soldier
Photo of former slave James Collins Johnson (right) standing next to an unidentified man in a military uniform.
Mariano Rolando to Moses Taylor & Co.
A letter that reveals the close relationship between the firm of Moses Taylor and its suppliers in Cuba.