13Results for "1786"
The Manumission of Prime
In 1786, an enslaved man named Prime became one of only three enslaved people to be manumitted by act of the New Jersey legislature in exchange for his service during the Revolutionary War.
Although Princeton president Ashbel Green condemned slavery on moral grounds, his religious convictions did not keep him from owning or hiring slaves himself—including at least three who lived and worked in his house on campus.
Princeton and Mississippi
Princeton students and their families lived in the Mississippi area decades before statehood in 1817. From the 1790s to the Civil War, Mississippians at the College of New Jersey came from elite families who built their wealth on cotton and slave labor.
Legislating Slavery in New Jersey
The development of New Jersey’s legal code relating to slavery was marked by internal divisions. Ultimately, slavery was not fully abolished in the state until the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865.
Prospect Farm, today part of Princeton’s central campus, was worked by enslaved people in the 18th and 19th centuries. Prospect House was built in 1851 with money derived from slave labor on southern rice plantations.
Court Minutes from Furman v. Vanhorne
Minutes from the 1786 court case adjudicating ownership of Prime.
"An Act for setting free Negro Prime"
The 1786 Act passed by the New Jersey legislature freeing the enslaved man Prime for his service during the Revolutionary War.
Prime's Petition for Freedom
Petition submitted to the New Jersey state legislature for Prime's manumission.
Philip Lindsley Portrait
A portrait of Philip Lindsley, acting college president from 1822-1824.