41Results for "c. 1790"
Princeton in the West Indies
Under the leadership of President Witherspoon, the College of New Jersey launched an ill-fated campaign to secure donations from slaveholding planter elites in the West Indies.
James Moore Wayne
James Moore Wayne (1790-1867), a Princeton graduate from Georgia, personally owned slaves and served on the Supreme Court that denied African Americans citizenship in the 1857 Dred Scott v. Sandford case. Yet he remained a strong Unionist during the Civil War, embodying the dissonant relationship between slavery and liberty in the United States.
John Witherspoon (1723-1794), Princeton’s sixth president and founding father of the United States, had a complex relationship to slavery. Though he advocated revolutionary ideals of liberty and personally tutored several free Africans and African Americans in Princeton, he himself owned enslaved people and both lectured and voted against the abolition of slavery in New Jersey.
Princeton and South Carolina
Princeton alumni from South Carolina owned successful plantations, large numbers of slaves, and served as leaders in the Confederate cause during the Civil War.
Princeton and Mississippi
Princeton students and their families lived in the Mississippi area decades before statehood in 1817. From the 1790s to the Civil War, Mississippians at the College of New Jersey came from elite families who built their wealth on cotton and slave labor.
Portrait of John Witherspoon, Princeton's sixth president.
David Witherspoon Census Record
1790 census record for David Witherspoon showing that he owned 113 slaves, the largest number in his North Carolina county.
George Spafford Woodhull
Portrait of George Spafford Woodhull (class of 1790), Princeton trustee and slaveholder
Population of Kentucky, 1790-1860
Though the number of slaves increased in Kentucky from 1790-1860, slaves decreased as a percentage of the population from 1830 onwards.