145Results for "Reconstruction to Present (1865-)"
James McCosh and Princeton’s First Integrated Classrooms
James McCosh, Princeton’s eleventh president (1868-88), admitted African American graduate students into his classes and strongly criticized slavery and the Confederacy—convictions that angered white southern students attending the college after the Civil War.
Reverend I. W. L. Roundtree
Reverend I. W. L. Roundtree, who attended the Princeton Theological Seminary in the 1890s and received a Master’s degree from the College of New Jersey in 1895, was one of Princeton’s earliest African American graduates. He may also have been the first and only former slave to graduate from the college.
The Murder of Frederick Ohl
In 1895, African American Princeton resident John Collins shot and killed white Princeton student Frederick Ohl. The racially biased news coverage surrounding Collins’s trial illustrates racial tensions still present on campus and in town thirty years after the end of the Civil War.
William Taylor: Princeton’s Last Independent African American Campus Vendor
William Taylor, a black entrepreneur in Princeton in the first half of the 20th century, was the third and last in a line of independent African American vendors who sold refreshments to students. The nickname students used for Taylor (a racial slur) reflected the casual racism in Princeton was still very much present during the postbellum era, as in the days of the first campus vendor, former fugitive slave James Collins Johnson.
The Princeton Plan
In 1948, after a century of segregation, the town of Princeton integrated the white Nassau Street School and the Black Witherspoon Street School with a system called the “Princeton Plan.” Contemporary reactions to desegregation revealed Princeton’s racial divisions as well as the Black community’s commitment to education.
James C. Johnson standing
Photograph of James Collins Johnson standing in front of painted backdrop.
"Death Comes to Student Ohl"
Newspaper article describing Princeton students' plans to "boycott" African American laborers in town after the death of classmate Frederick Ohl in 1895.
Garrett Cochran in uniform
Photograph of Garrett Cochran (class of 1898) in uniform. Cochran served as a Lieutenant in Field Artillery during World War I.
“White Supremacy at Princeton”
One of a series of Daily Princetonian editorials arguing for the integration of Princeton University.
Advertisement urging Princeton residents to vote Republican to support the new state constitution, which prohibited the segregation of public schools.