44Results for "New Jersey Journal"
The Manumission of Prime
In 1786, an enslaved man named Prime became one of only three enslaved people to be manumitted by act of the New Jersey legislature in exchange for his service during the Revolutionary War.
Escape from Princeton
In 1819, Princeton Mayor Erkuries Beatty engaged a recent College of New Jersey graduate to recapture his runaway slave, Joe. The incident underscores the terror and uncertainty of enslavement in central Jersey.
Legislating Slavery in New Jersey
The development of New Jersey’s legal code relating to slavery was marked by internal divisions. Ultimately, slavery was not fully abolished in the state until the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865.
Samuel Stanhope Smith
Samuel Stanhope Smith, Princeton’s seventh president (1795-1812), was an early defender of the unity of mankind—arguing that environment, not innate biological differences, determined one’s race. His convictions, however, did not prevent him from owning slaves himself, and his teachings ultimately influenced Princeton alumni to establish the American Colonization Society.
Strategies for Escape: A Study of Fugitive Slave Ads (1770-1819)
Runaway slaves from the Princeton area used sophisticated knowledge of the late-18th and early-19th century’s changing legal and political landscape when they planned their escapes, forcing slave-owners to acknowledge their resourcefulness and determination to liberate themselves.
Trustee Announcement Following 1802 Fire
An announcement published by the trustees after the 1802 fire at Nassau Hall, including a request by President Samuel Stanhope Smith to send the advertisement to Southern newspapers.
At Princeton, Titus Kaphar Reckons with the University’s History of Slavery
Kaphar’s sculpture Impressions of Liberty, which was commissioned by the Princeton University Art Museum, is “a monument to the memory of the enslaved.”
Journal of American History Reviews The Princeton & Slavery Project
Journal of American History, December 2020
"Of all the available examples, the Princeton & Slavery web site offers far and away the most well-developed and best organized of these digital treatments."