8Results for "February 1839"
Stephen Alexander and Alfred Scudder
Stephen Alexander, Princeton’s first astronomy professor, held moderate antislavery views but denied the equality of black and white Americans. At the same time, he may have employed an African American man named Alfred Scudder as an assistant on campus.
Princeton and Liberia
Princeton affiliates helped to establish Liberia as an African colony for black American emigrants. Robert Wood Sawyer (class of 1838) served as a missionary among the Kru people, in the territory south of the colony.
James Carnahan, the College of New Jersey’s longest-serving president (1823-1854), was a slave-owner and a director of the American Colonization Society of New Jersey. Records show that Carnahan owned slaves in 1820, just before assuming the presidency, and that free African Americans resided in his household into the 1850s.
Princeton and Abolition
Princeton’s faculty and students actively opposed abolition, creating a climate of fear and intimidation around the subject during the 19th century. Although some Princeton affiliates were critical of slavery, the institution demonstrated a catastrophic failure of leadership on the greatest moral question of the age.
Princetonians in Virginia
The College of New Jersey attracted large numbers of Virginia students in the 18th and 19th centuries, contributing to Princeton’s reputation as a school for southerners. This essay focuses on three students from Virginia whose careers as clergymen and educators reflected evolving arguments about slavery and emancipation from the Revolutionary War to the Civil War.
Subscription to the Princeton Colonization Society
Donations pledged by Princeton faculty members to establish a packet line between Liberia and the United States.